EAD Finding Aid

 

Finding Aid

Russian military intelligence on Asia

Archive series, 1651-1917

Published by IDC Publishers, 2006



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Russia. Armiia. Voenno-uchenyĭ arkhiv
Title: Russian military intelligence on Asia. Archive series
Dates (inclusive): 1651-1917
Dates (bulk): 1850-1917
Abstract: Historical-geographical, statistical, topographical and ethnographical descriptions of countries and their individual regions; material on the domestic political and economic situation of states, their foreign policy and international relations, and the state of their armed forces and military skills
Languages: Predominantly in Russian and French; also materials in German and English; a few items in Chinese, Latin, Dutch, Japanese, Arabic, Turkish, Italian, Greek, Persian, Korean, Mongolian and Norwegian
Extent: 1,942 archival files ; 93 microfilm reels ; digital images available in the IDC Digital Library (www.idc-digilib.nl)
Order no.: RIA-1 - RIA-8



Location of Originals

Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voenno-istoricheskiĭ arkhiv (RGVIA), Moscow. Fonds 444-451.




History Note

The Military-Science Archives were founded in St Petersburg, following a decree by Paul I of 8 August 1797, as His Imperial Majesty’s personal depositary of maps, and in 1812 they became part of the archives of the Military Topography Depositary. In 1863 the archives of the Military Topography Depositary were renamed the Military History and Topography Archives, and in 1867 the Military-Science Archives of the Central Staff of the Ministry of War (from 1906 onwards: of the Central Directorate of the General Staff of the Ministry of War). The Military-Science Archives have been systematically supplemented by maps and historical memorandums, descriptions and other documents from various institutions and individuals. All the files of the directorates and staffs of armies, military units and formations were sent here following the end of wars waged by Russia. In addition to documents of Russian origin, foreign documents relevant to the Military-Science Archives have been collected there.




Scope and Content

The 19th century was a time of rapid Russian expansion in Asia. While its western borders were largely fixed in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars, the Romanov autocracy still found many outlets for its imperial energies in the East. Imperial Russia’s Asian march coincided with a revolution in intelligence. Gathering and analyzing such intelligence also became much more comprehensive, almost encyclopedic. It entailed not only the armed forces and the terrain of all potential adversaries, but also political, economic, ethnographic, and much other data.

The collection contains, among others:

  • political reports, diaries, and summaries produced in the diplomatic posts,
  • reports of military attachés,
  • regular correspondence with the Russian general staff,
  • many maps,
  • drawings.




Organization and Arrangement

The collection "Russian military intelligence on Asia" is divided into the following parts:

The collection “Russian Military Intelligence on Asia” forms part of the collection “Military-Science Archives on Countries’ History” in the Russian State Military-History Archives (RGVIA, fonds 428–453). The collections of documents on the history of foreign states form part of the collections of the Military-Science Archives — one of the precursors of today’s Russian Military-History Archives.

The documents of the Military-Science Archives have been filed and inventoried under the following principal groups of thematic collections: collections on the history of Russia and its armed forces; collections of cartographic documents; collections on the history of wars waged by Russia; and collections on the history of foreign states.

The group of collections on the history of foreign states is comprised of 26 collections, with a total of 14,723 files. Each specific collection is devoted to one or more territorially close countries. It is to this group that the collection on the history of foreign wars, comprising 1752 units of storage, is attached. These collections contain documents from various different Russian military institutions, including the Military-Science Committee (to which foreign dispatches from Russian military agents were sent), the Central Staff, the Central Directorate of the General Staff and others, as well as documents of foreign origin that were acquired by the Military-Science Archives.




Access Restrictions

Please, note that some files could not be filmed due do the physical condition of the materials or due to technical restrictions. Some files have been transferred to a different fonds and are not filmed either. The omitted files (382 out of 1,942) are not shown in this finding aid.



Selected Search Terms

Organizations
Russia. Armiia. Voenno-uchenyĭ arkhiv
Geographic Areas
Asia -- Description and travel
Asia -- Maps
Asia -- Strategic aspects



Indexes

The following geographic and personal names are mentioned in this finding aid.

Geographic Areas

  • Aamasya
  • Acarnania
  • Ackerman fortress
  • Ada Kale
  • Adrianople
  • Adrianople camp
  • Adrianople railway
  • Adriatic Sea
  • Aegean Sea
  • Afghan province
  • Afghanistan
  • Africa
  • Agathopolis
  • Agra
  • Ahar
  • Ahar-chai
  • Ahiola
  • Ahtebol
  • Akhaltsikhe
  • Akkerman
  • Akra (Akka)
  • Alandji
  • Alasir
  • Albania
  • Aleppo
  • Aleppo (Halab)
  • Aleppo district
  • Alessio
  • Alexandretta
  • Alexandretta (Iskenderun)
  • Alexandretta, Gulf
  • Alexandria
  • Algiers
  • Altai district
  • Aman-Karachai forest
  • Amasra, fortress and port
  • Amasra, port
  • Amasserah
  • Amasya
  • America
  • Amnokgan, river
  • Amoi
  • Amoy
  • Amu Darya
  • Amu-Daria
  • Amur
  • Anatolia
  • Anatolian railways
  • Andong
  • Angora
  • Ani
  • Annam
  • Antioch
  • Arabia
  • Arabian coast
  • Arabian desert
  • Arabistan
  • Araks
  • Arbedil
  • Archipelago
  • Ardebil
  • Ardevan
  • Argos
  • Arkivan
  • Armenia
  • Asa Minor
  • Asan Turkey
  • Ashraf
  • Ashur
  • Asia
  • Asia Minor
  • Asian Turkey
  • Asiatic Russia
  • Astara
  • Astrabad
  • Astrakhan
  • Attock
  • Austria
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Ayazaga
  • Aydos
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bab al-Mandab
  • Baghdad
  • Baghdad district
  • Baghdad Railway
  • Baghdad railway
  • Bahcekoy
  • Baku
  • Baky
  • Balkans
  • Baluchistan
  • Bandel
  • Baodixian
  • Basra
  • Bay of Smyrna
  • Bayazet
  • Bayazit
  • Beijing
  • Beijing bay
  • Beirut
  • Beitang
  • Belbes
  • Belgrade
  • Belujistan
  • Bender fortress
  • Bender-Abbas
  • Bender-Busher
  • Bender-Bushir
  • Bender-Rig
  • Berat
  • Berlin
  • Besiktas
  • Bessarabia
  • Beyazit
  • Beykoz
  • Bidzevo
  • Bihac
  • Bilecik
  • Black Sea
  • Black Sea coast
  • Black Sea coast line
  • Black Sea, Turkish coast
  • Blagoveshchensk
  • Bodune, region
  • Bokhara province
  • Bolgari
  • Boli (Bolu)
  • Boshan
  • Bosnia
  • Bosphorus
  • Bosporus
  • Bosporus area
  • Bosporus kingdom
  • bridge of Khudaperi
  • Brusa (Bursa)
  • Brusa (Bursa), town and fortress
  • Bucharest
  • Budua
  • Bukhara
  • Bukovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Bunarhissar
  • Burgas
  • Burgas Bay
  • Burgurlu-Kibi
  • Bursa
  • Burudjird
  • Burultokay
  • Bushtape
  • Butranto
  • Buyukdere, valley
  • Caesarea (Kayseri)
  • Cairo
  • Candir
  • Canta
  • Canton
  • Caspian Sea
  • Caspian sea
  • Catalca
  • Caucasus
  • Cenger
  • Central Asia
  • Chat
  • Chendufu
  • Chernovody
  • Chifu
  • Chifu, port
  • Chilia
  • China
  • Chinese Empire
  • Chiru
  • Chonkur
  • Chuguchak
  • Constanta
  • Constantinople
  • Corfu
  • Corinth
  • Corlu
  • Crete (Kandia)
  • Crimea
  • cross of Ausefid
  • cross of Cheshmeseb
  • cross of Rabat-Mirza
  • cross of Robat-Senchi
  • Cyprus
  • Dagu
  • Dala-Urt
  • Dalai Nur
  • Dalianwang
  • Dallikavak
  • Dalmatia
  • Damascus
  • Danube
  • Danube, right bank area
  • Dara-Iurt
  • Dardanelles
  • Deda-begli
  • Delhi
  • Derbent
  • Derkala
  • Disful
  • district of Garmrud
  • district of Giunei
  • district of Khalkhal (mahall)
  • district of Khoi
  • district of Salmas
  • Diyarbekir (Diyarbekr)
  • Djavatskaia fort
  • Djulla
  • Dobruja
  • Dolonnur
  • Dombi
  • Dzungaria
  • East China
  • Eastern Anatolia
  • Eastern Chinese railway
  • Eastern Siberia
  • Eastern Turkestan
  • Eastern Turkestan (Xinjiang)
  • Edibulskaia fort
  • Egypt
  • Elbasan (Albania)
  • Elburz
  • Elizavetopol’
  • Enderes
  • England
  • Enzeli
  • Epirus
  • Erevan
  • Erivan (Yerevan)
  • Erivan (Yerevan), valley
  • Erzerum
  • Erzincan
  • Erzurum
  • Erzurum, fortress
  • Erzurum, town
  • Esfahan
  • Eskisehir
  • Eskistambul
  • Ester
  • Euphrates
  • Europe
  • European Turkey
  • Far East
  • Farsistan
  • Firuzabad
  • Formosa Island (Taiwan)
  • fortress of Maku
  • France
  • Fuzhoufu
  • Galata, suburb of Constantinople
  • Galati
  • Gallipoli
  • Gallipoli Peninsula
  • Gamadan (Hamadan)
  • Gan
  • Ganges
  • Garipce
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Geugeng-pu
  • Gilan
  • Gilia
  • Gilia region
  • Girin
  • Girin province
  • Girinskaia province
  • Giurgiu
  • Gobda
  • Gobi
  • government of Baku
  • government of Elizavitapol
  • Grabusa (Karabusa)
  • Greater Khingan
  • Greece
  • Guangdong
  • Guangxi
  • Guanzhou Province
  • Guattor
  • Gujarate
  • Gulf of Astrabad
  • gulf of Astrabad
  • Gulf of Midia
  • Gulf of Platana
  • Gulf of Unye
  • Gulia
  • Gulia region
  • Gumri
  • Gumushane
  • Gurpan
  • Haifa
  • Hailar
  • Hailongting
  • Haleb
  • Hamadan
  • Hamandan
  • Hami Region
  • Hankou
  • Hankou-Canton, railway
  • Harbin
  • Harirud
  • Hars
  • Hazar-Aspa
  • Hazara
  • Hechen-Pu
  • Heilongjiang Province
  • Heilongjiang province
  • Herat
  • Herzegovina
  • Hindustan
  • Hitinza
  • Hong Kong
  • Hongchun
  • Hongkong
  • Hormuz
  • Huancheng
  • Huanghe
  • Hubei
  • Huh Nur
  • Hulangchen
  • Hunan
  • Hurramabad
  • Hussein-avva
  • Igdir
  • Ili Khanate
  • Ili region
  • Ili territory
  • Incekoy
  • India
  • Indo-China
  • Indus
  • Inner Asia
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Interior Mongolia
  • Ioannina
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Irkutsk Military District
  • Irtysh
  • Isaccea, fortress
  • Isfahan
  • Isfahan (Ispagan)
  • Ishakli
  • Ismid (Izmit)
  • Ismid (Nicomedia)
  • Istanbul
  • Italy
  • Iuzun-koi
  • Izmail
  • Jaffa
  • Jailiau
  • Japan
  • Jason, Cape
  • Jassy
  • Jerusalem
  • Jezire Goban
  • Jiangsu
  • Jianying, bay
  • Jiaozhou
  • Jinzhou
  • Judea
  • Julfa
  • Kabul
  • Kalafat
  • Kalgan
  • Kandahar
  • Kandia
  • Kandia (Crete)
  • Kangarly
  • Kanton
  • Kara-Tekep
  • Karababa
  • Karabulak
  • Karahisar, town and fortress
  • Karak
  • Karakale
  • Karaman
  • Karaman, town and fortress
  • Karamania
  • Karamliu
  • Karatak
  • Karavansaray
  • Karaz'iadi
  • Kargoda, island
  • Karli-Tepe
  • Karnabad
  • Kars
  • Karun
  • Kashan
  • Kashgar
  • Kashgar Khanate
  • Kashgaria
  • Kashmir
  • Kasmer
  • Kavak
  • Kayseri
  • Kazbin
  • Kembrian bay
  • Kerempe, Cape
  • Kerkuk
  • Kerman
  • Kermanshah
  • Khabarovsk
  • Khadji
  • Khingan range
  • Khoi
  • Khoi, fortress
  • Khorasan
  • Khorosan
  • Khotan
  • Khurasan
  • Khuzestan
  • Kiachta
  • Kiahat-hane, valley
  • Kiakhta
  • Kirkuk
  • Kishm
  • Kizilcakisla
  • Knin
  • Kobdo
  • Kodem
  • Koman
  • Konya
  • Kopi
  • Korch
  • Korea
  • Korea, eastern coast of the peninsula
  • Korean peninsula
  • Kosh Agach
  • Kosovo
  • Kotatis
  • Koture
  • Koy
  • Ktelafa
  • Kugiaza
  • Kuke
  • Kul’dzha
  • Kul’dzhinskii region
  • Kurdistan
  • Kustendji
  • Kustendji (Constanta)
  • Kutahya
  • Kutum
  • Kwandung
  • Kwandung Province
  • Kwandung Region
  • Kwandung region
  • Kwantung (Guangdong) peninsula
  • Kwantung (Guangdong) region
  • Kyzikos
  • Ladakh
  • Lahutang
  • Laiodong Peninsula
  • Laiohe
  • Lampsaki
  • Latakia
  • Lebanon
  • Lemnos
  • Lenkoran
  • Lhasa, town
  • Liaodong
  • Liaodong Peninsula
  • Liaodong peninsula
  • Liaohe
  • Liaoyang
  • Lofdong
  • Lower Danube
  • Lule-Burgas (Araba-Burgas)
  • Lunanwang, bay
  • Lutai
  • Macedonia
  • Maitun
  • Maku, fortress
  • Mamakatun
  • Manchuria
  • Marand
  • Mardin
  • Marmara
  • Marmaris
  • Masanpo, bay
  • Mazamderan
  • Mazenderan
  • Mecca
  • Medina
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Mekran
  • Mergen
  • Merv
  • Merzifon
  • Meshedsher
  • Meshkhed
  • Mesopotamia
  • Mianeh
  • Midia
  • Milan
  • Modashi
  • Mogal-Ujarlik
  • Moldavia
  • Monastir
  • Monbaz
  • Mongolia
  • Mongolian steppe
  • Montenegro
  • Montinea
  • Morea
  • Morghab
  • Morocco
  • Mosul
  • Mudanjiang
  • Mukden
  • Mukden Province
  • Mukden province
  • Mullany-Bel
  • Mundan Gulf
  • Mus
  • Muscat
  • Mytilene
  • Mytilene, island
  • Nadirknoy
  • Nakhichevan
  • Nanjing
  • Naryn-chai
  • Navarin
  • Nazareth
  • Nejd
  • Nikolaev
  • Nile basin
  • Nimrod
  • Ning'an
  • Niuzhuan
  • Nonni
  • North China
  • North China railway
  • North-West Mongolia
  • Northern Albania
  • Northern Korea
  • Northern Kurdistan
  • Northern Mongolia
  • Novokievsk
  • Nubian desert
  • Ochakov
  • Olt, river
  • Oman
  • Omsk Military District
  • Omsk military district
  • Orsova (Orsova)
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Ottoman empire
  • Outer Mongolia
  • Ova
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine
  • Palmyra
  • Pamir
  • Pancaldi, suburb of Constantinople
  • Parga
  • Pashalik of Akhatsikhe
  • Pashalik of Bayazit
  • Pashalik of Erzurum
  • Pashalik of Ioannina
  • Pashalik of Kars
  • Pasin
  • Peiho
  • Peihuo
  • Peihuo, river
  • Peking
  • Peking-Chunkou, railway
  • Peking-Kalgan railway
  • Pera, suburb of Constantinople
  • Persepolis
  • Persia
  • Persian Gulf
  • Peskador islands
  • Philippines
  • Phoenicia
  • Platana
  • Pleven
  • Pogranichnaia, station
  • Poland
  • Polpagain
  • Port Arthur
  • port of Constantinople
  • port of Tenedos
  • Port-Arthur
  • Posyet
  • Poyaz
  • Prevesa, Bay
  • Priamurskii military district
  • Priamur’e Military District
  • Primorskaia oblast΄
  • Princes' Islands
  • province of Arbedil
  • province of Khoi
  • Puara-Burnu, battery
  • Punjab
  • Pusan, bay
  • Qinhuangdao
  • Qiqihar
  • Qiqihar province
  • Qoqek
  • Ragusa
  • Red Sea
  • Resava
  • Resht-abad
  • Riashch
  • right bank of Danube
  • Rize
  • Rodosto
  • Rumelia
  • Ruscuk (Ruse)
  • Ruscuk (Ruse), fortress
  • Rushvan
  • Russia
  • Russia, Black Sea coast
  • Russian Empire
  • Saganluk
  • Sakhalin
  • Salmas
  • Salmaz
  • Salonika
  • Samail
  • Samakova
  • Sambur
  • Samsun
  • San Stefano
  • Sangxin
  • Sanhexian
  • Sanjak of Bayazit
  • Sanjak of Zahab
  • sanjak of Zahab
  • Sanmiani
  • Sanmin, bay
  • Saraks
  • Saray
  • Sari
  • Scutari
  • Scutari (Shkoder)
  • Sea of Japan, eastern coast
  • Sea of Marmara
  • Sebeniko (Sibenik)
  • Sejistan
  • Selimno
  • Semipalatinsk
  • Semirech’e Region
  • Sendai, island
  • Senna (Senandaj)
  • Senne
  • Seoul
  • Serbia
  • Serdekap
  • Seyhan
  • Shabler, Cape
  • Shagadam-Kara-Dag
  • Shahe
  • Shakinskaia province
  • Shamaha
  • Shandong
  • Shandong, peninsula
  • Shangdong peninsula
  • Shanghai
  • Shanghaiguan
  • Shanghaiguan-Yingkou railway
  • Shanxi
  • Sharkhuba
  • Sharud
  • Shegeriak-chai
  • Shihuo
  • Shikho
  • Shiraz
  • Shugnan khanate
  • Shuishiying
  • Shumla
  • Shumla, fortress
  • Shusha
  • Shusster
  • Shuster
  • Siberia
  • Sichuan, province
  • Silistra
  • Silivri
  • Sind
  • Sind (India)
  • Sinj
  • Sinop
  • Sinop harbour
  • Sinop, fortress
  • Sinop, town
  • Sinop, town and fortress
  • Siratas
  • Sistova (Svishtov)
  • Sivas
  • Smyrna (Izmir)
  • Sogucak
  • Sogut
  • Sonmiani
  • South China
  • South Manchuria
  • Southern Manchuria
  • Spalato (Split)
  • Staro-Tsuruhaituevskii picket
  • Strait of Constantinople
  • Strait of Constantinople (Bosporus)
  • Suidun
  • Suigun
  • Suleymaniya
  • Sultanabad
  • Sultaniya
  • Sultaniye
  • Sungari
  • Sur
  • Surate
  • Susae
  • Sylvia, bay
  • Syr-Daria area
  • Syria
  • Tabriz
  • Taiwan (Formosa), island
  • Taizihe
  • Takhtapulo
  • Taku
  • Taku (Dagu)
  • Taliengwan
  • Talienvan
  • Tangku
  • Tarapia
  • Tarbagatai
  • Tarbagatai Region
  • Tarsus
  • Tartary
  • Tasaula
  • Tatta
  • Tayram
  • Tazauchan
  • Teheran
  • Tehran
  • Tenedos
  • Terkef
  • the Asian Part of Turkey
  • the Asian part of Turkey
  • the bridge of Khudaperi
  • the district of Salmaz
  • the ford of Aslandukh
  • the gorge of Delijan
  • the Gulf of Oman
  • the Hedjaz Railway
  • the khanate of Ardebil
  • the khanate of Mishkin
  • The Middle Asia
  • the New Sultaniya
  • the North China railway
  • the Northern Persia
  • The Persian Gulf
  • the Persian Gulf
  • the Persian gulf
  • the province of Astari
  • the province of Astrabad
  • the province of Gilan
  • the province of Gili
  • the province of Kesker
  • the province of Kutum
  • the province of Mazanderan
  • the province of Mazenderan
  • the province of Mishkin
  • Thessaly
  • Tianjin
  • Tianjin - Tongku
  • Tianjin region
  • Tianshan range
  • Tibet
  • Tiflis
  • Tiflis (Tbilisi)
  • Tiger
  • Tigris
  • Tigrish
  • Ting Island
  • Tokat
  • Tolbo Nor
  • Tolcu (Tulcea)
  • Tolcu (Tulcea), fortress
  • Tolcu (Tulcea, fortress
  • Topakkale
  • Toprakkale
  • Trabzon
  • Trabzon area
  • Trabzon harbour
  • Transcaucasia
  • Travnik
  • Trieste
  • Tripoli
  • Troas (Alexandria)
  • Tsarny
  • Tsitsihar
  • Tugmashaz
  • Tumangan, river
  • Tunisia
  • Tunmonghine
  • Turhala
  • Turkestan
  • Turkey
  • Turkish Armenia
  • Turkish Kurdistan
  • Turkmanchai
  • Turkmenia
  • Tuzla, village
  • Ulkhi
  • United Kingdom
  • Upper Bosporus
  • Urga
  • Urga (Kure)
  • Urmiya
  • Urumchi
  • Urumchi Region
  • Urumqi
  • USA
  • Usak
  • Uskuba (Skoplje)
  • Ussuriisk Territory
  • Vakhan khanate
  • Van
  • Vand
  • Vidin
  • Vienna
  • vilayet of Adana
  • Vilayet of Erzurum
  • Vilayet of Trabzon
  • vilyaet of Erzurum
  • Vladivostok
  • Voniza
  • Wallachia
  • Weihaiwei
  • Weihaiwei, fortress
  • West China
  • Western China
  • Western Siberia
  • Wuzhili
  • Xarhot
  • Xeros
  • Xingmingting
  • Xinjiang
  • Xinjiang Province
  • Xinming
  • Yaliasutai
  • Yambol
  • Yangcun
  • Yangisaryk, gorge
  • Yangtze, river
  • Yangtzejiang
  • Yangtzejiang, river
  • Yangzi
  • Yangzijiang
  • Yarkand Darya
  • Yemen
  • Yenipazar
  • Yezd
  • Yichangfu
  • Yingkou
  • Yunan, province
  • Yunghing Bay (Korean Gulf)
  • Yunnan
  • Yutianxian
  • Zabaikal’skii region
  • Zaisangnor, region
  • Zangan
  • Zendeh
  • Zhejiang
  • Zhili (Pezhili) bay
  • Zhili bay (Pechili bay)
  • Zhili Province
  • Zhili province
  • Zinzeli
  • Zob
  • Zuvar-chai

Persons

  • Abbas Mirza
  • Abdul Aziz
  • Adabashev
  • Afanas’ev
  • Akinf’ev
  • Albrant
  • Alekseev
  • Ali Pasha
  • Am
  • Andogski
  • Andrievskii
  • Anichkov
  • Arnold Edward
  • Arousmit
  • Arrowsmith
  • Arseniev
  • Artamonov
  • Artomonov
  • Asatiani V.
  • Aubert V.B.
  • Avrille, brothers
  • Babkov
  • Baikov
  • Bakunov
  • Balkashin
  • Banduri
  • Baranov
  • Bartholomew
  • Basianov
  • Basianov.
  • Batiushkov
  • Batmanov M.
  • Bayov A.
  • Beauchamp
  • Beaufort
  • Bebutov
  • Bekir Pasha
  • Belgard
  • Belling
  • Belovskii
  • Bel’fond
  • Benkendorf A.A.
  • Benkendorf A.Kh.
  • Benkovskii
  • Bensengrom
  • Beresvord
  • Berg
  • Berghaus
  • Bergkhauz
  • Berthe
  • Beschestnov
  • Blaramberg
  • Blaramderg
  • Blom
  • Blonde
  • Bobrikov
  • Bocage, du Barbie
  • Bodisko
  • Boen
  • Bogdanovich
  • Bogoslovskii
  • Boguslavskii
  • Boiarskii
  • Bolotov A.
  • Bolshov
  • Bonne
  • Bonne P.
  • Borner
  • Borodovskii L.
  • Borzhimskii
  • Boshan
  • Brauns G.K.
  • Brochero
  • Brook
  • Brue
  • Bruyn
  • Budogosskii
  • Burneau
  • Burnod
  • Butenev
  • Cancrin G.L.
  • Cartazzi
  • Chavchavadze G.
  • Cheenok
  • Chernyshev A N
  • Chernyshev A. I
  • Chernyshev A.I.
  • Chernyshev A.N.
  • Chevalier
  • Chichagov
  • Chikhachev
  • Chingis Khan
  • Chirikov
  • Churkin
  • Cole
  • Copeland Richard
  • Cottaschen
  • Cranbrook
  • d'Anville
  • Dadan-Yurtov
  • Dainez
  • Dandriko
  • Danilov I.
  • Danville
  • Danvil’
  • Deers, von
  • Deliel
  • Delizl’ P.
  • Dennet
  • Desino
  • Desoche
  • Dibich-Zabalkanskii I.I.
  • Dolgorukii V.A.
  • Dolgorukov D.I.
  • Domantovich
  • Dorofeev
  • Dovre
  • Dronovskii
  • Drouville
  • Drutskoi
  • du Halde
  • Dufour
  • Duhamel
  • Dupart
  • Egorov
  • Emchinov
  • Endlikher
  • Engholm
  • Enhgolm
  • Erenberg
  • Ermolov A.P
  • Ermolov A.P.
  • Ernst
  • Evstiugin
  • Faden
  • Fath Ali
  • Fawn Wharton
  • Fedorov
  • Fet-Ali
  • Filippov
  • Fischer
  • Forchheimer
  • Foucherot
  • Fovral
  • Franchini
  • Frankini
  • Freitag
  • Fried
  • Fried F.
  • Galkin
  • Garnak
  • Garsia
  • Gaun
  • Geiden
  • Giiiom de Lisl’
  • Gippius
  • Gippius A.I.
  • Girs N.K.
  • Gol't
  • Golt
  • Golubev
  • Goncharenko
  • Gorchakov A.M.
  • Gorgon
  • Gorskii
  • Grabbe
  • Grass’e
  • Grimm
  • Grotenfeld
  • Grushetskii
  • Guillaume
  • Gukt
  • Hammer
  • Hancock
  • Handtke
  • Harenberg
  • Hargue
  • Hauptman
  • Holdich
  • Holmsen
  • Hubert
  • Iashinikov
  • Ibrahim Pasha
  • Ignat’ev
  • Il`inskii
  • Ilinskii
  • Isakov
  • Istomin
  • Italinskii A.Ia.
  • Iudenich
  • Iugovich
  • Iurkevich
  • Ivanov
  • Ivanov N.
  • Ivanshintsov
  • James
  • Janson
  • Johns L.E.
  • Johnson
  • Kalchinskii
  • Kalnin
  • Kantemir Dmitrii
  • Kapka
  • Karlovich
  • Kassel’, Vil’iams
  • Katon
  • Kauffer
  • Kauffer F.
  • Kaufman
  • Kauzman
  • Khan Guald
  • Khanykov
  • Khatov
  • Khiat-Bek
  • Khizhevskii
  • Khodzsko
  • Khoenakker R. F.
  • Khvostov
  • Kiepert
  • Kiepert H.
  • Kiepert R.
  • Kinnei McDonald
  • Kinneir M.
  • Kinner
  • Kiriako
  • Kiselev
  • Kishmishev
  • Klaprot
  • Klaproth
  • Klaproth J.
  • Kohlschmid
  • Kokovtsov V.N.
  • Koli T
  • Kolokolov
  • Kolosov
  • Kolpakovskii
  • Komarov
  • Konrad
  • Konrad Als.
  • Korf
  • Kornilov
  • Korri
  • Korsun
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  • Kotsebu
  • Kovalevskii
  • Kovalevskii E.P
  • Koverskii
  • Kozlov
  • Krastilevskii
  • Kreis
  • Kruglov
  • Krupp
  • Kudriavtsev
  • Kuropatkin A. N.
  • Kuropatkin A.N.
  • Kuzmin-Karavaeb
  • L'vov
  • Labord
  • Ladyzhenskii
  • Laffit-Clavet
  • Lagovskoi
  • Lamsdorff V.N.
  • Lamzdorf V.N.
  • Langeron
  • Lapie
  • Lazarev
  • Leake
  • Lebner
  • Lemm
  • Lemme
  • Lena
  • Leontiev A.
  • Leont’ev A.
  • Lieven
  • Likharev
  • Liprandi
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  • Loschinskii M.
  • Lotter
  • Lu Jun
  • Lukianov
  • Lupandin
  • Lyell
  • L’vov
  • Madatov
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  • Maevskii V.P.
  • Maevskii V.T.
  • Magomet-Ali (Muhammad Ali)
  • Mahmud II
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  • Makhaev
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  • Malosh
  • Manen
  • Manganari
  • Manganari M.
  • Mannert
  • Mar’et
  • Maslov
  • Matiushkin
  • Matusovskii Z.
  • Matveev
  • Medem
  • Melendorf
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  • Melling M.
  • Melnitskii
  • Mend
  • Merder A.
  • Merzov R.
  • Mikhailov
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  • Miller
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  • Moltke, von
  • Mol’dtke
  • Mongie
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  • Murav’ev N.N.
  • Muzaffar ad-Din
  • Namik Pasha
  • Napoleon
  • Nazr ad-Din
  • Neaga L.
  • Nebol’sin
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  • Nessel’rode
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  • Niebur
  • Nieburg
  • Nienov
  • Nifant’ev
  • Nikitin, topographer
  • Nikolaev
  • Niropkin
  • Noel
  • Noskov
  • Novikov
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  • Obruchev N.N.
  • Offenberg
  • Ogorodnikov
  • Ogranovich
  • Olenin A.
  • Omer Pasha
  • Oplaret
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  • Paderin
  • Palen
  • Palma
  • Pal’mer
  • Papadoppulo
  • Passek N.P.
  • Peravanov
  • Perrier
  • Peshkov
  • Petkovich
  • Petrov
  • Plescheev
  • Plescheev S.
  • Poklevskii-Kozel
  • Pokotilov
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  • Popov
  • Popov V.
  • Pospeev
  • Pozdeev
  • Pozdneev D.
  • Pozdyshev
  • Preo
  • Pressel
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  • Prokhorovich
  • Proskuriakov
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  • Przheval’skii N.M.
  • Putiata
  • Puzanov
  • Raaben, Colonel
  • Raevskii
  • Raevskii G.I.
  • Raulinson
  • Razumovskii
  • Reichard
  • Reihardt
  • Reikhard
  • Rel'i
  • Rennenkampf
  • Repnin N.V.
  • Reppel’
  • Resin
  • Ribas, de
  • Riecock
  • Risenkampf E.E.
  • Ritter
  • Rittih
  • Robertson
  • Robinson
  • Rochechouart, de
  • Rolfsen F.N.
  • Romanov
  • Roost
  • Rostovtsev V. I
  • Rouge
  • Rozen
  • Rozili
  • Rubinov
  • Rudolf
  • Ruge, von
  • Runel
  • Russo I.L.
  • Rzhevutskii
  • Safonov
  • Saint-Denys, de Juchereau
  • Sakharov V.A.
  • Sanson
  • Savinkov
  • Sazonov
  • Scalon
  • Schanz, von
  • Schepikhin
  • Schilder N.K.
  • Schlieben
  • Schmidt
  • Schulz
  • Schwindt L.
  • Seiter
  • Selim III
  • Semenov
  • Semino
  • Sergeev
  • Seristori
  • Serristori
  • Seutter M.
  • Shebeko
  • Sheikh Ali-bek
  • Shelkovnikov
  • Shiller G.F.
  • Shinkevich
  • Shipilov
  • Shirkov
  • Shiush
  • Shneur
  • Shotsko
  • Simonich
  • Simonolevich K.I.
  • Skibicheskii
  • Skriabin
  • Sobolev
  • Soimonov F.
  • Sologub V. U.
  • Solomon
  • Soram
  • Sorbier
  • Sosnovskii
  • Spratt
  • Stark
  • Stein K.
  • Stepanov
  • Stolpe C.
  • Sukhomlinov V.A.
  • Sukhtelen
  • Sulzbach
  • Thomas
  • Tiapin
  • Tikhmenev V.
  • Tikhonov
  • Timofeev
  • Tisenhausen
  • Tisenhausen E.F.
  • Tiutikov
  • Toll, de
  • Tormasov
  • Tott
  • Tott, de
  • Tracy
  • Trezel
  • Triquet
  • Troev
  • Trubnikov
  • Truguet
  • Trusson
  • Tsarevskii
  • Tsikarev
  • Tsikhovich
  • Tsimmerman
  • TSimmerman K.
  • Tuchkov
  • Tulier
  • Udovichenko
  • Ulanov
  • Vasil'ev
  • Vaudoncourt
  • Vaugondy, de Robert
  • Veiland
  • Vekilov
  • Velikhanov
  • Veniukov
  • Verigin
  • Vincke, von
  • Vivien
  • Vlangali
  • Voeikov
  • Vogak
  • Voinovich
  • Volodchenko
  • Voronin
  • Voskoboinikov
  • Vronchenko
  • Vussin
  • Vоrd
  • Wali Ahad
  • Webel
  • Weil E.
  • Weiland
  • Weis, Peter
  • Weiss, von Franz
  • Weistinger
  • Welker
  • Wild
  • Woods
  • Wrangel
  • Wyld J.
  • Wyld James
  • Xiong Fandui
  • Zakharov I.
  • Zakharov K.
  • Zamagne Louis
  • Zannoni
  • Zarudnyi
  • Zavriev
  • Zelenii
  • Zelenin
  • Zharinov
  • Zibold
  • Zimmerman
  • Zimmermann
  • Zinoviev
  • Zirbeck C.
  • Zirbeck S.
  • Zuev
  • Zvegintsov